Forbes Lederman (2009) - Adaptation And Vertical Integration In The Airline Industry

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Has article title Adaptation And Vertical Integration In The Airline Industry
Has author Forbes Lederman
Has year 2009
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©, 2016


Forbes, Silke J. and Mara Lederman, (2009) "Adaptation and Vertical Integration in the Airline Industry," American Economic Review, forthcoming. pdf


We explore patterns of vertical integration in the U.S. airline industry. Major airlines subcontract portions of their network to regional partners which may or may not be owned. We investigate if ownership may economize on ex post renegotiation costs. We estimate whether airlines are more likely to use owned regionals on city pairs with adverse weather (which makes adaptation decisions more frequent) and on city pairs that are more integrated into the major’s network (which raises the costs of having adaptation decisions resolved sub-optimally). Our results suggest a robust empirical relationship between adaptation and vertical integration in this setting.