Trump Administration Women in Entrepreneurship and Innovation Initiatives
|Title||Congress Turns Its Attention to Entrepreneurship and Innovation -- But Does It Take Effective Action?|
|© edegan.com, 2016|
- 1 Link to Google Doc
- 2 Legislation Passed by 115th Congress
- 3 H.R.321 — 115th Congress (2017-2018) INSPIRE Women Act
- 4 Information about NASA programs
- 5 H.R.255 — 115th Congress (2017-2018) Promoting Women in Entrepreneurship Act
- 6 Legislative History
- 7 Science and Engineering Equal Opportunities Act (42 U.S.C. 1885a)
- 8 National Science Foundation Entrepreneurship Programs
- 9 Tested Ability to Leverage Exceptional National Talent (TALENT) Act
- 10 Canada-United States Council for Advancement of Women Entrepreneurs and Business Leaders
Link to Google Doc
Legislation Passed by 115th Congress
H.R.321 — 115th Congress (2017-2018) INSPIRE Women Act
Sponsors Barbara Comstock (R-VA); Elizabeth Esty (D-CT)
Transcript of floor discussion from Congressional Record: https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CREC-2017-01-10/html/CREC-2017-01-10-pt1-PgH270.htm
Inspiring the Next Space Pioneers, Innovators, Researchers, and Explorers (INSPIRE) Women Act
(Sec. 3) This bill directs the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to encourage women and girls to study science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM), pursue careers in aerospace, and further advance the nation's space science and exploration efforts through support of the following initiatives:
NASA GIRLS and NASA BOYS;
Aspire to Inspire; and
Summer Institute in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Research.
(Sec. 4) NASA shall submit to Congress a specified plan on how NASA can best facilitate and support both current and retired astronauts, scientists, engineers, and innovators, including early career female astronauts, scientists, engineers, and innovators, to engage with K-12 female STEM students and inspire the next generation of women to consider participating in STEM fields and to pursue careers in aerospace.
Legislation had previously been introduced by Comstock in 114th Congress. See https://www.congress.gov/bill/114th-congress/house-bill/4755/text?q=%7B%22search%22%3A%5B%22INSPIRE+Act%22%5D%7D&r=1 . It had passed the House, but had not been voted on in the Senate.
NASA Education Office to be cut in Trump's budget proposal: https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/nasa-budget-would-cut-earth-science-and-education/2017/03/15/c08e1e2c-0997-11e7-93dc-00f9bdd74ed1_story.html?utm_term=.098c260975f9
Information about NASA programs
See Congressional Record for more detail.
NASA GIRLS and NASA BOYS https://women.nasa.gov/nasagirls/
Summer Institute in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Research (SISTER) Program is at Goddard Space Flight Center (Maryland) only https://www.nasa.gov/content/summer-institute-in-science-technology-engineering-and-research-sister-program
H.R.255 — 115th Congress (2017-2018) Promoting Women in Entrepreneurship Act
Sponsors: Barbara Comstock (R-VA); Elizabeth Esty (D-CT); Lamar Smith (R-TX); and Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX)
[Congressional Bills 115th Congress] [From the U.S. Government Publishing Office] [H.R. 255 Enrolled Bill (ENR)]
One Hundred Fifteenth Congress of the United States of America
AT THE FIRST SESSION
Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday, the third day of January, two thousand and seventeen
To authorize the National Science Foundation to support entrepreneurial programs for women.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the "Promoting Women in Entrepreneurship Act.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS. The Congress finds that-- (1) women make up almost 50 percent of the workforce, but less than 25 percent of the workforce in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) professions; (2) women are less likely to focus on the STEM disciplines in undergraduate and graduate study; (3) only 26 percent of women who do attain degrees in STEM fields work in STEM jobs; (4) there is an increasing demand for individuals with STEM degrees to extend their focus beyond the laboratory so they can be leaders in discovery commercialization; (5) studies have shown that technology and commercialization ventures are successful when women are in top management positions; and (6) the National Science Foundation's mission includes supporting women in STEM disciplines.
SEC. 3. SUPPORTING WOMEN'S ENTREPRENEURIAL PROGRAMS. Section 33 of the Science and Engineering Equal Opportunities Act (42 U.S.C. 1885a) is amended-- (1) by striking "and at the end of paragraph (10); (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (11) and inserting "; and; and (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph: (12) encourage its entrepreneurial programs to recruit and support women to extend their focus beyond the laboratory and into the commercial world..
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Vice President of the United States and President of the Senate.
First introduced in the 113th Congress by Congresswoman Esty with Congresswoman Johnson as a cosponsor. It did not get out of Committee. It passed the House during the 114th Congress.
Video of Congresswoman Esty speaking in support: https://www.c-span.org/video/?c4586228/rep-esty-promoting-women-entrepreneurship-act Video of debate: https://www.c-span.org/video/?407099-101/us-house-legislative-business&start=4040&transcriptQuery=women https://www.c-span.org/search/?searchtype=Mentions&sort=Most+Recent+Airing&text=0&all%5B%5D=Promoting&all%5B%5D=Women&all%5B%5D=in&all%5B%5D=Entrepreneurship
Video of Congressman Louie Gohmert explaining why he does not support: https://www.c-span.org/video/?c4587317/louie-gohmert
Science and Engineering Equal Opportunities Act (42 U.S.C. 1885a)
See https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/42/1885a for text of law amended by this act.
National Science Foundation Entrepreneurship Programs
I-corps https://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/i-corps/ https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=189600 https://venturewell.org/i-corps/ http://www.xconomy.com/san-francisco/2013/02/21/national-science-foundation-scales-up-entrepreneurship-program/ https://steveblank.com/category/nsf-national-science-foundation/
Rice based I-Corps Node press release: http://news.rice.edu/2014/08/26/rice-ut-and-am-form-nsf-hub-to-move-ideas-to-marketplace/
Small Business Innovation Research / Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) https://www.nsf.gov/eng/iip/sbir/home.jsp
Steve Blank on I-Corps program creation: https://steveblank.com/2011/12/20/the-government-starts-an-incubator-the-national-science-foundation-innovation-corps/
Tested Ability to Leverage Exceptional National Talent (TALENT) Act
Codifies the Presidential Innovation Fellows program. See https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-115hr39enr/html/BILLS-115hr39enr.htm and https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/house-bill/39/text. Enacted January 20. Information on Innovation Fellows program: https://presidentialinnovationfellows.gov
Media coverage: https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/2017/live-updates/politics/live-coverage-of-trumps-inauguration/obamas-last-law-the-talent-act-of-2017/?utm_term=.fbc007954479 On effort to get bill signed before inauguration: http://thehill.com/blogs/pundits-blog/lawmaker-news/315717-obamas-last-law-talent-act-will-enhance-gov-efficiency
Profile of Sponsor Kevin McCarthy (R-CA) http://fortune.com/2016/11/08/data-sheet-kevin-mccarthy/
Canada-United States Council for Advancement of Women Entrepreneurs and Business Leaders
Idea proposed by Trudeau Chief of Staff Katie Telford who arranged meeting through Ivanka Trump.
Discussion in Joint Statement from President Donald J. Trump and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau
Empowering Women Entrepreneurs and Business Leaders
It is a priority of both countries to ensure equal opportunities for women in the workforce. We are committed to removing barriers to women’s participation in the business community and supporting women as they advance through it. As part of this effort, we are creating a Canada-United States Council for Advancement of Women Entrepreneurs and Business Leaders. We expect this initiative to promote the growth of women-owned enterprises and to further contribute to our overall economic growth and competitiveness, as well as the enhanced integration of our economies.